Tuesday, September 17, 2019

Body Language Analysis No. 4396: Brett Kavanaugh's Confirmation Hearing — Reading Between the Lines — Nonverbal and Emotional Intelligence (VIDEO, PHOTOS)


New allegations have been made against Supreme Court Justice Brett Kavanaugh. In addition, multiple witnesses have indicated that last year's investigations regarding Justice Kavanaugh's alleged behavior were grossly incomplete. What follows is a partial nonverbal, verbal, and paralanguage analysis of a portion of Brett Kavanaugh's confirmation hearing.


Many times during his testimony, Brett Kavanaugh dramatically sniffed. No doubt some of his sniffings were secondary to his tears. Possibly a portion of his sniffing was associated with allergies, perhaps a case of post-nasal drip, or maybe a side effect of medications. Yet, without a doubt, a large fraction of his sniffing was not associated with any of these aforementioned etiologies - but they were behavioral. They were body language tells.

One such occasion occurs at the beginning of this video (0:03), just after Senator Dianne Feinstein says, "Mr. Kavanaugh, it's my understanding that ...". This was indeed disgust camouflaged as a sniff.


Just after Senator Feinstein says, "All three of these women have asked the FBI to investigate their claims. Ahum, I listened carefully to what you said ...", Kavanaugh displays a Forward Lip Purse (Primary emotion) along with a component of Anger (secondary emotion), (0:21).

Forward Lip Pursing is a signal of a person withholding information (clandestine disagreement and/or undisclosed plans). Anyone making a forward lip purse believes themself to be an alpha relative to the others with whom he's communicating — he perceives his audience to be beta. A person displaying a forward lip purse also believes they have a good chance of implementing their plan.

If you see a forward lip purse directed toward you by anyone — protect your flanks!


He then busies his hands moving a binder. This is a Manipulator/Adaptor/Pacifier surrogate - in lieu of touching a body part and is significant for Anxiety. 


Kavanaugh immediately then repositions his hands beneath the table (0:22). Hiding one's hands often signals dishonesty and/or clandestine behavior and the withholding of information. At the very least, it demonstrates heightened anxiety.

Every observant judge and attorney should be aware of the profound nonverbal tell of suddenly hiding one's hands.

He also performs a false suit jacket adjustment - in an attempt to up-regulate his alpha emotional tone (please watch the video, as the dynamic nature of this maneuver is not captured with a single still image).

Kavanaugh's (near-constant) disgust continues.


Hard swallow after Senator Feinstein says, "If you're very confident of your position ..."
(0:31 — Please view the video and note the rise and fall of his 'Adam's Apple' [Laryngeal prominence]).


Another dramatic disgust display disguised as an extreme sniff is displayed just after Senator Feinstein continues, "... why aren't you also asking the FBI to investigate these claims?" (0:36).


As Senator Feinstein says, "And the terrible and hard part of this is ...", Mr. Kavanaugh displays another hard swallow (1:27).


Two rapid sniff-disgust displays (with a secondary component of anger) can be immediately be seen in response to Senator Feinstein saying, "We're not in a position to prove it or disprove it, therefore we have to depend ..." (1:33 and 1:34).


We see Kavanaugh display another example of Forward Lip Pursing (1:39) just after Feinstein continues — saying, "... on some outside authority for it. And it would just seem to me then ..."

(again, significant for clandestine planning and/or undisclosed significant disagreement)


Kavanaugh conveys particularly strong disgust after Feinstein continues, "... when these allegations came forward..." (1:41)


— Followed immediately by yet another Forward Lip Purse (1:42)

Notice the highly specific questions Mr. Kavanuagh asks: "This happen'd on a weekday? Well was it, whut, a, whut, whu, no, [sic], I'm not at a Blair — auh, High School for summer league game? I'm not at Tobin's house workin' out? I'm not at a movie with Suzanne?" (2:22 - 2:31).

This is an example of a manipulative technique whereby Kavanaugh is getting the audience to believe his premise — that those places he listed were (of course) where he always was during the time in question. He paints a highly specific picture — so, before we prove that he was with Ms. Ford at a party - we have to first prove he wasn't on a date with Suzanne, working out at Tobin's, or playing a summer league game at Blair High School. He's manipulating Senator Feinstein.


After Senator Feinstein says, "Well, the unfortunate thing is, these Hearings are set — set by the majority ...", Mr. Kavanaugh tightens his mustache area as his lips become thinned and taught. This dynamic indicates he's feeling significant anger (2:49).

His right eyebrow also elevates - showing that Mr. Kavanaugh does not believe Senator Feinstein.


He then immediately turns away from her, to his left — and displays another Forward Lip Purse (2:50).

He's also looking up to his left — the quadrant to which we primarily look when we're recalling a visual memory.


A series of highly profound microexpressions then occur in rapid succession during and immediately after Feinstein says, "Wel-, We hear from the witnesses ..." (3:03)

Simultaneously with Feinstein saying, "witnesses", Kavanaugh looks down to his right - the quadrant to which we look during moments of Sadness, Regret, and Guilt.


This is followed by another expression of extreme Disgust (3:04)


Followed rapidly by a highly significant Jaw Jut - signifying Anger (3:05). Please view the video as the dynamics are not well demonstrated with a still image.


Followed immediately (3:06) by a hard swallow (indicating high anxiety) coincident with eyelid closure (attempting to block the events from the psyche).


And then, quite profoundly, Kavanaugh's mouth displays a subtle Microexpression of Regret (3:06)

Note, this one moment, taken in isolation, does not differentiate between Culpability-Regret vs. Remorse-Regret (i.e., "I regret the fact that I was caught" vs. "I regret my actions because they are unethical").


Immediately after his regret display, Kavanaugh then looks up to his left - the quadrant we look to most often look when visually recalling a memory (3:07).

Kavanaugh's response of, "You're interviewing me! You're interviewing me!" to Feinstein's statement of, "But the FBI isn't interviewing them [the witnesses] and isn't giving them any facts ..." - demonstrates another manipulative technique. Kavanaugh implies that he is the only witness of the alleged crimes that the FBI would interview. He is trying to manipulate Senator Feinstein - and us. 


Kavanaugh continues, "... You're, you're doing it Senator. I'm sorry to interrupt, but you're doing it. That's, th, the, there's no conclusions reached."

Then Kavanaugh displays a Loose Tongue Jut. A loose tongue jut signifies the thought-emotions of:

• I've been caught
• I've been bad
• I've done a stupid thing
(Navarro)


Kavanaugh then looks up to his left again (recalling an event visually), and displays an amalgam of a Forward Lip Purse (Clandestine disagreement and/or Failure to Fully Disclose) along with Disgust (3:25).


Beginning at 3:22, Senator Feinstein continues, "And, and what you're saying, if, if I understand it, is that the allegations by Dr. Ford, Ms. Ramirez, and Ms. Svetnick [sic] - Swetnick, um, are - are wrong."

During 3:31, just after Senator Feinstein mispronounces Ms. Swetnick's name — and then, continuing during her re-pronunciation, Brett Kavanaugh displays yet another one of these dramatic disgust-sniffing moments. He also hard-swallows, once again, during 3:32.

Brett Kavanaugh then goes on to say, "Yea-, that, that is empatically what I'm saying! Emphatically! The Swetnick thing is a joke! That is a farce!"

This Paralanguage/Statement Analysis tell is another profound moment in Kavanaugh's testimony. Here, during a time when he was far from his emotional baseline, he slipped. He twice points out (shouting) his opposition to Ms. Swetnick's allegations ("a joke" and "a farce") — but conspicuous in its abscence were any equally vigorous denials against Ms. Ford or Ms. Ramirez. In so doing, Kavanaugh is showing us that while he doesn't believe Ms. Swetnick — he lacks an equally vigorous objection to Ms. Ford and Ms. Ramirez. This behavior pattern strongly suggests Kavanaugh believes he is guilty of Ms. Ford's and Ms. Ramirez's allegations.


After Senator Feinstein asks, Mr. Kavanaugh, "Would you like to say more about it?", he leans forwards (rather than sitting forward - a person of high confidence would have already been sitting forward), his hands beneath the table (low confidence, withholding information, deceptive) and says, "No" (in a low confidence, whiny, up-talking manner, as if "No" had two syllables). His answer drew laughter from some of those in the room.


After Senator Feinstein says, "That's it. Thank you Mr. Chairman",  Kavanaugh turns to his left and makes one last extreme disgust display at the very last frame of this video (3:54).

It's profoundly important to point out that on many occasions during this exchange (and at a multitude of times during Kavanaugh's entire testimony) he became melodramatic and often tearful. His facial expressions showed extreme anger, contempt, disgust, sadness, and fear. Why did he have these reactions? When a person can't act convincingly (and in this context, can't lie convincingly) — with nuance and finesse — they most often default to hyperbole. Because they can't keep a 'poker-face, they overact — rather than underact. In so doing, they're attempting to disguise their tendency to give away obvious deception tells by turning up their emotion to extremes (turning up the background 'noise') - so as to emotionally flood their behavior (and our senses) and thus camouflage their deceptive tells. This is akin to putting extra garlic in the spaghetti sauce so the victim won't taste the poison. Kavanaugh has given us yet another fine example of such deceptive poor acting, hyper-dramatic, drowning-out behavior.

SUMMARY: During his testimony, then-Supreme Court Justice nominee, Brett Kavanaugh projected numerous disgust displays throughout this hearing. In addition, he demonstrated extreme anxiety, withholding of information, clandestine planning, and deception. Moreover, Judge Kavanaugh's need for such a strong and frequent emotional display is one of his several behaviors highly correlative with Impulse Control Disorder.

Furthermore, Judge Kavanaugh's nonverbal, verbal, and paralanguage behavior, indicates with very high probability, that he believes he is innocent of Ms. Swetnick's allegations, however, he believes he's guilty of those allegations brought forth by Ms. Ford and Ms. Ramirez.


Media Inquiries and Keynote Appearances 
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See also:

Body Language Analysis No. 4395: Mike Pompeo - "Just the Past Ten Days Alone, We've Killed Over a Thousand Taliban"

Body Language Analysis No. 4394: Donald Trump, "I am The Chosen One"

Body Language Analysis No. 4393: El Paso Mass Shooter - Using Body Language as a Threat Assessment Tool

Body Language Analysis No. 4392: The Secret Tells behind Donald Trump's Statement, "No Puppet. No Puppet. You're the Puppet"

Body Language Analysis No. 4391: Donald Trump, Buzz Aldrin, and Variations on the 'Side-Eye'

Body Language Analysis No. 4390: Mike Pence visits 'Detention Center' in McAllen, Texas

Body Language Analysis No. 4295: Elizabeth Holmes, Theranos, and Red Flags

Body Language Analysis No. 4336: Alita: Battle Angel, Large Eyes, and Sexual Attraction

Body Language Analysis No. 4282: When Public Displays of Affection are More Frequent than those in Private

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Monday, September 9, 2019

Body Language Analysis No. 4395: Mike Pompeo - "Just the Past Ten Days Alone, We've Killed Over a Thousand Taliban" - Nonverbal and Emotional Intelligence (VIDEO, PHOTOS)


On Saturday afternoon, less than four days before the 18th Anniversary of the September 11th attacks, President Trump, via Twitter, told the world he had called-off what had been, up until that time, a clandestine plan for negotiating with the Taliban at Camp David. The next morning, US Secretary of State, Mike Pompeo made the rounds on the Sunday morning political TV talk shows. What follows is a partial nonverbal and paralanguage analysis of a crucial portion of one of those interviews.

GEORGE STEPHANOPOULOS (continuing at 2:02): "But there have been periodic 'tacks [sic] throughout the talks. Why pull the plug after this one? In the past, when there have been attacks, you've said, 'that was a reason to continue the talks'."

MIKE POMPEO (continuing at 2:10): "Yeah. It, it's, it's true. There have been attacks during the talks. Ah, attacks from the Taliban on Americans - ah, and eNORmous attacks from American forces, putting en- [stammer] REAL pressure on the Taliban. George we've [inhale, pause] 'n just the last ten days alone, killed over a thousand Taliban."

Note that Pompeo is stuttering as he begins his answer, saying, "Yeah. It, it's, it's true". In the very next sentence, he also stammers as he begins to re-use the word "enormous" and, instead, changes to the world "real". On its surface, these paralanguage behaviors signal significant anxiety.

Moreover, Pompeo feels the need to emphasize, both in volume and in tone, the words, "eNORmous" as well as "REAL". This verbal/paralanguage pattern is over-compensatory.


As Stephanopoulos asks his question, we see Pompeo inhale deeply. At the same time, he subtly nods his head up-and-down in a 'Yes' gesture. He also tilts his head backward - as his midface muscles tighten. This is particularly noteworthy in his 'mustache area' along with the flaring of his nostrils.

This nonverbal cluster demonstrates a classic example of cognitive-emotional dissonance - for while he is nodding his head in agreement with Stephanopoulos, he's also displaying strong disgust for him and/or his question.


Immediately after Pompeo says, "George we've", he, once again, inhales deeply and pauses. He then immediately closes his eyelids.

Closing one's eyes for longer durations (which is subtle but highly significant) - along with increased blinking and rapid blinking are varieties of decreased eye contact. These are examples of Distancing Behavior.


As Pompeo says, "... 'n just the ...", he begins to shake his head in a side-to-side motion - which, of course (in the overwhelming majority of cultures throughout the world), is a nonverbal signal of 'No'. Whenever the verbal message contradicts the simultaneous nonverbal signal - it's the nonverbal communication which is telling the truth.


Pompeo then rapidly blinks as he looks briefly down to his right as he says, "ten days". This is the quadrant to which human beings overwhelmingly look when feeling guilt (both remorse-guilt as well as culpability-guilt).

His accompanying extremely rapid blinking is, on its surface, associated with significant anxiety.

SUMMARY: Mike Pompeo's behavior in this segment of this interview exhibited the following rapid sequence of behaviors:

1. Anxiety
2. Overcompensation
3. Cognitive-Emotional Dissonance
4. Disgust
5. Contradiction (Verbal and Nonverbal Disparity)
6. Distancing behavior
7. Guilt (most probably, culpability-guilt)

While no single nonverbal or paralanguage signal - when viewed in isolation - is 100% indicative of deception, Mike Pompeo's rapid series of behaviors in this short segment of this interview, taken in toto, with high probability, indicates he's lying when he says, "George we've - 'n just the last ten days alone, killed over a thousand Taliban."


Media Inquiries and Keynote Appearances 
One-on-One and Online Courses Available 


See also:

Body Language Analysis No. 4394: Donald Trump, "I am The Chosen One"

Body Language Analysis No. 4393: El Paso Mass Shooter - Using Body Language as a Threat Assessment Tool

Body Language Analysis No. 4392: The Secret Tells behind Donald Trump's Statement, "No Puppet. No Puppet. You're the Puppet"

Body Language Analysis No. 4391: Donald Trump, Buzz Aldrin, and Variations on the 'Side-Eye'

Body Language Analysis No. 4390: Mike Pence visits 'Detention Center' in McAllen, Texas

Body Language Analysis No. 4389: Jeffrey Epstein's Default Expression

Body Language Analysis No. 4388: Donald Trump regarding Drowned Father and Daughter in the Rio Grande

Body Language Analysis No. 4295: Elizabeth Holmes, Theranos, and Red Flags

Body Language Analysis No. 4284: Ryan Reynolds, Josh Brolin, Deadpool 2, and Alpha Up-Regulation


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Thursday, August 22, 2019

Body Language Analysis No. 4394: Donald Trump, "I am The Chosen One" - Nonverbal and Emotional Intelligence (VIDEO, PHOTOS)




Yesterday, on the South Lawn of the White House, President Trump looked skyward and proclaimed, "I am the chosen one".

To give this quote proper context, we should note that early this morning, Donald Trump had tweeted - quoting Wayne Allyn Root (Trump supporter, American conservative author, radio host, and conspiracy theorist) from statements Root recently made during his Talk TV show.



During yesterday's White House South Lawn presser, Donald Trump said (continuing from 1:24 in the above video), "... And not only that, if you take a look - intellectual - property - theft - add that to it - and add a lot of other things to it. So somebody - excuse me - somebody had ta do it. I am the chosen one. Somebody had to do it. So I'm taking on China..."


Immediately after the President said,  "So somebody - excuse me - somebody had ta do it", he rotated his body to his left, tilted his head-neck backward, and looking skyward he said (beginning at 1:37), "I am the chosen one".


From a nonverbal perspective, Trump's sudden nonverbal dynamic was not in reference to China. His change in body posture and upward gaze were intended to evoke an obvious and direct religious meaning. Trump was, on live television, before the world, looking heavenly and proclaiming that he is God, god-like, the second coming, etc., or some variation thereof.

Moreover, we should take careful note, that Trump wasn't asking God - or thanking God when he made this statement. Trump's words, in both definition and tone, were declarative. Trump was telling God that he, Donald Trump, is "the chosen one".

SUMMARY:

Yesterday, the President of the United States tweeted:

A. "... the Jewish People in Israel love him (Trump) like he's the King of Israel"
B. "... they love him (Trump) like he is the second coming of God"

And, incredibly, yesterday on the South Lawn of White House, Trump looked Heavenward (or he wanted us to believe he was looking to Heaven) and said to God (or he wanted us to believe he was speaking to God), "I am the chosen one".

Donald Trump either believes and/or wants his followers to believe, that he is God or god-like. His classic cult-leader behavior is both blatant and profoundly dangerous.


Media Inquiries and Group Appearances 
One-on-One and Online Courses Available 


See also:

Body Language Analysis No. 4393: El Paso Mass Shooter - Using Body Language as a Threat Assessment Tool

Body Language Analysis No. 4392: The Secret Tells behind Donald Trump's Statement, "No Puppet. No Puppet. You're the Puppet"

Body Language Analysis No. 4391: Donald Trump, Buzz Aldrin, and Variations on the 'Side-Eye'

Body Language Analysis No. 4390: Mike Pence visits 'Detention Center' in McAllen, Texas

Body Language Analysis No. 4389: Jeffrey Epstein's Default Expression

Body Language Analysis No. 4388: Donald Trump regarding Drowned Father and Daughter in the Rio Grande

Body Language Analysis No. 4379: Katie Bouman, Black Holes, and Emotional Processing

Body Language Analysis No. 4360: GE's CEO Larry Culp's CNBC Interview and Subsequent Stock Sell-off

Body Language Analysis No. 4339: Pre-Confession Interview of Murderer, Chris Watts


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Tuesday, August 13, 2019

Body Language Analysis No. 4393: El Paso Mass Shooter - Using Body Language as a Threat Assessment Tool - Nonverbal and Emotional Intelligence (PHOTOS)


On Saturday 3 August 2019, Patrick Wood Crusius allegedly went on a shooting rampage inside a Walmart in El Paso, Texas. He traveled about 1,050 km (~650 miles) from his home in Allen, Texas to do so. Tragically, 22 people have died while another 24 were wounded. About 30 minutes prior to the shooting, Crusius published manifesto online, ranting against immigration and declaring that “this attack is a response to the Hispanic invasion of Texas.” Moreover, Crusius confessed to law enforcement that he had been specifically targeting "Mexicans".

From a nonverbal and specifically a threat-assessment perspective, it's crucial to analyze the three images of the suspect included here.

In the first image, above, the suspect's eyebrows and forehead are lowered. His eyebrows are also mildly drawn together. The left side of his mid-face is contracted in what many would colloquially term a 'snarl'. This is primarily an expression of contempt with a secondary component of anger.

Notice too, that his eyelids are partially closed. At this time it's not clear if the suspect's upper eyelids may have had this characteristic since birth (and, in that case, would be classified as congenital ptosis), but his 'droopy' eyelids have the effect of amplifying both his anger and contempt.

An additional sign in this photo is the suspect's mild Forward Lip Pursing. A forward lip purse signals a full or partial undisclosed disagreement and/or a clandestine plan. A person configuring their lips in this fashion believes they are a relative alpha to (who they perceive to be) beta personalities with whom they're interacting. They also believe they have a good chance of successfully carrying out their plan/action.


In the next image of the suspect, we see his expression is similar to that in the first photo. His eyebrows, however, are pinched closer together and perhaps lowered more. Notice his mid-face is mildly contracted - particularly his 'mustache area'. His nostrils are also mildly flared. This is an amalgam of Disgust and Anger. Anyone who displays disgust toward a person or group of people - signals their belief of their perceived superiority/the others' perceived inferiority.

It's profoundly important to stress that such chronic displays of disgust also signal an inherent component to their beliefs of superiority - and others' inferiority. The thought-emotion of disgust is necessary for demonizing and 'otherizing' people. Thus, it's not surprising to learn that disgust was the most common facial expression documented on the faces' of Nazis staffing concentration camps during World War II.


Many people would mistake the emotions seen in this third image as a partial smile - but it's nothing of the sort. This is Contempt - and more specifically, a variety of Smug Contempt.

SUMMARY: All healthy human beings will, on occasion, experience anger, contempt, and disgust. However, those individuals who exhibit these emotions too often or too intensely have significant psychological pathology. This pattern, of course, has been true throughout human history - but with the advent of social media, we can (openly and publicly) qualify this behavior - as well as quantify it. So, while certainly, not everyone who displays disgust, anger, and/or contempt either frequently and/or extremely will perpetrate a mass-shooting, they will, at least, have Impulse Control Disorder. Knowing how to spot these and other nonverbal behaviors is an integral component of accurate threat assessment and critical for personal safety.


Media Inquiries and Group Appearances 
One-on-One and Online Courses Available 


See also:

Body Language Analysis No. 4392: The Secret Tells behind Donald Trump's Statement, "No Puppet. No Puppet. You're the Puppet" 

Body Language Analysis No. 4391: Donald Trump, Buzz Aldrin, and Variations on the 'Side-Eye'

Body Language Analysis No. 4390: Mike Pence visits 'Detention Center' in McAllen, Texas

Body Language Analysis No. 4389: Jeffrey Epstein's Default Expression

Body Language Analysis No. 4388: Donald Trump regarding Drowned Father and Daughter in the Rio Grande

Body Language Analysis No. 4387: Donald Trump Welcomes Foreign Interference in US Elections 

Body Language Analysis No. 4336: Alita: Battle Angel, Large Eyes, and Sexual Attraction

Body Language Analysis No. 4332: Richard Nixon, Nikita Khrushchev, and The Kitchen Debate

Body Language Analysis No. 4298: LeBron James Walks Out of Post Game Press Conference after Game One Loss


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Saturday, July 27, 2019

Body Language Analysis No. 4392: The Secret Tells behind Donald Trump's Statement, "No Puppet. No Puppet. You're the Puppet" - Nonverbal and Emotional Intelligence (VIDEO, PHOTOS)




The Mueller Investigation and, more specifically, Bob Mueller's recent testimony has served to refocus public attention on specific events leading up to the 2016 US Presidential Election. One of these moments was a crucial portion of the third debate held on 19 October - twenty days prior to the election. What follows is a partial nonverbal analysis of that exchange.

DONALD TRUMP (continuing at 27:21): He [Putin] has no respect for her. He has no respect for our president. And I'll tell you what. We're in very serious trouble. Because we have a country with tremendous numbers of nuclear warheads - eighteen hundred by the way. Where they expanded and we didn't. Eighteen hundred nuclear warheads. And she is playing chicken. Look.  

CHRIS WALLACE (over-talking): W-, w-, wait.

DONALD TRUMP: Putin - from everything I see has no respect for this - person.

HILLARY CLINTON: Well, that's because he'd rather have a puppet as president of the United States.  

DONALD TRUMP (over-talking): No puppet. No Puppet.

HILLARY CLINTON: And it is pretty clear -

DONALD TRUMP (over-talking): You're the puppet. 

HILLARY CLINTON: It's pretty clear - you won't admit -

DONALD TRUMP (over-talking): No, you're the puppet.

HILLARY CLINTON: ... that the Russians have engaged in cyberattacks against the United States of America. That you encouraged espionage against our people. That you are willing to spout the Putin line, sign up for his wish list, break up NATO, do whatever he wants to do. And that you continue to get help from him because he has a very clear favorite in this race. So, I, I think that this is such an unprecedented, ah, situation. We've never had a foreign government trying to interfere in our election. We have seventeen, seventeen intelligence agencies, civilian and military who have all concluded that these espionage attacks, these cyberattacks, come from the highest levels of the Kremlin. And they are designed to influence our election. I find that deeply disturbing. 


During 27:51 - 27:52, as he says, "No puppet. No puppet." - candidate Trump displays a classic Rationalization Rapport Empathy Expression (abbreviated as R2E2). 

It's important here to emphasize that the person who is displaying this dynamic facial and head movement - is not feeling Empathy or Rapport - but they are trying to engender these emotions in other people. It's manipulative. They're trying to get you to rationalize - and often while rationalizing themselves.

The Rationalization Rapport Empathy Expression strongly resembles disgust - but it's accompanied by a side-to-side ("No") head movement.

Verbal language accompanying the R2E2 is virtually always refuting statements, e.g., "You don't want that", "You shouldn't do that", "You know I didn't mean to say that", or, in this example, "No puppet. No puppet."

This is a classic example regarding the importance of correlating nonverbal behavior - along with the accompanying verbal language and paralanguage

Another word is conspicuous in its absence - and it should jump out at you. Donald Trump did NOT use the word "I". If he had true conviction in his denial, he would have said, "I'm no puppet" or "I'm not a puppet." When a person says, "Sorry" - or "Love you", their words don't carry anywhere near the weight, intention, or the emotions as, when they say, "I'm sorry" and "I love you".

Trump left out the word "I" because he doesn't believe his own words. This is particularly true given that "I" is one of the most commonly spoken words across almost all languages. Trump is not taking ownership. His omission of the word "I" is amplified even further given Trump's narcissism. When a person with such a strong ego leaves off the first person singular pronoun - especially with such an important rebuttal - red flags are raised. We all would do well to see them.

All mentally-healthy human beings make this expression on occasion - but you should beware when you see the R2E2 used frequently or during particularly important moments. In such scenarios, this behavior is a screaming warning.

Donald Trump's nonverbal and paralanguage behavior indicates he's trying far too hard to convince us that he's not acting in concert with Vladimir Putin. "The Gentle doth protest too much, methinks." (apologies to Shakespeare).

The full expression of the R2E2 nonverbal cluster is impossible to capture with a still image. Please watch the video several times at regular speed, 1/2 speed, 1/4 speed - and then, once again at regular speed to fully appreciate this behavior in context. Repeat this several times a week, and you'll acquire with increasing skill, the ability to spot this nonverbal behavior in real-time, with everyday situations.


At multiple times during Secretary Clinton's response, Donald Trump nods his head up-and-down in a classic "Yes" affirmation. Trump nods five times in only 43 seconds, immediately following Clinton saying,

"... that the Russians have engaged in ..." (nodding yes during 27:59)

"... break up NATO ..." (nodding yes during 28:14 - 28:15)

"... do whatever he wants to do. And that you ..." (nodding yes during 28:17 - 28:18)

 "... We have seventeen, seventeen intelligence agencies ..." (nodding yes during 28:37 - 28:38)

"... who have all concluded that ..." (nodding yes during 28:42)

In contrast, if candidate Trump had disagreed with Secretary Clinton, he should have been shaking his head side-to-side in a "No" gesture (illustrator) after each of his opponent's statements, rather than in a "Yes" up-and-down dynamic. Trump's multiple nodding agreements are very clear nonverbal demonstrations that his subconscious agrees with Clinton regarding his clandestine cooperation with Putin - as well as with Russia's cyberattacks


You may have noted that Mr. Trump only took four drinks of water during this 90-minute debate. It's not a coincidence that one of these occurred during 28:03 - 28:05, just after his 'puppet denial', and immediately after Secretary Clinton said, "... that the Russians have engaged in cyberattacks against the United States of America. That you encouraged ...".

Anxiety acts quickly. It dries up one's mouth and sudden thirst is a powerful indicator of this thought-emotion. While anxiety alone does not imply deception, when taken in context with other verbal, paralanguage, and nonverbal indicators seen here - Trump's sudden dry mouth is highly suspicious.


Another strong anxiety tell is Trump's adjustment of his microphone. Donald Trump is very skilled at NOT touching his face when he's experiencing anxiety or while he's lying - which is highly unusual (although, of course, he occasionally does so). Most people - both the honest and the deceptive - touch their faces far more often than the President.

However, a surrogate behavior for facial touching is microphone adjustment - which Trump does fairly often. In the segment discussed here, he does so during 28:10 - 28:12, just after Hillary Clinton says, "... you are willing to spout the Putin line ..."


Another dramatic insight into Trump's thought-emotions is displayed just after Clinton says, "... And that you continue to get help from him ..." - Trump smiles (28:20). This display is particularly important to watch at regular speed, 1/4, 1/2, and again at full speed. The image immediately above shows him just as his smile is forming. Note that his left side begins first - with the right side of his mouth momentarily suppressing it.


A split second later (also during 28:20), Trump closes both eyes in a variation of a "Joker Smile" (referring to court jesters, frightening clowns, and, most notably, the Batman villain of the same name). None of the candidate's teeth are visible and the shape of his mouth opening is completely inconsistent with sincerity. Trump's mouth is vectored strongly to the sides (laterally) - rather than with a strong vertical component (as it would be if his smile were sincere). His bottom lip is curled momentarily outward. This deliberate and hyperbolic expression of insincere surprise combined with a feigned smile is - always duplicitous.


A second later (during 28:21), Trump's center forehead elevates simultaneously with his false mouth smile. While everyone uses this expression once in a while, those who use it often (as Trump does, and not coincidentally, Putin as well) have a very high correlation with Antisocial Personality Disorder (commonly termed, 'Sociopaths' and/or 'Psychopaths').

Notice also, that Trump blushes during this moment. Blushing while smiling (feigned smiling) during denial has an extremely high correlation with deception.

SUMMARY: Donald Trump's nonverbal, verbal, and paralanguage behavior during this segment of the third 2016 Presidential Debate indicates he knew Russia was in the midst of a cyberattack on the United States, that he welcomed it, and that Trump does, in fact, believe that he is subordinate to Vladimir Putin.


Media Inquiries and Group Appearances 
One-on-One and Online Courses Available 


See also:

Body Language Analysis No. 4391: Donald Trump, Buzz Aldrin, and Variations on the 'Side-Eye'

Body Language Analysis No. 4390: Mike Pence visits 'Detention Center' in McAllen, Texas

Body Language Analysis No. 4389: Jeffrey Epstein's Default Expression

Body Language Analysis No. 4388: Donald Trump regarding Drowned Father and Daughter in the Rio Grande

Body Language Analysis No. 4387: Donald Trump Welcomes Foreign Interference in US Elections

Body Language Analysis No. 4386: Donald Trump and Ivanka Trump in Churchill's War Room

Body Language Analysis No. 4362: Mohammed bin Salman regarding the murder of journalist Jamal Khashoggi

Body Language Analysis No. 4295: Elizabeth Holmes, Theranos, and Red Flags

Body Language Analysis No. 4286: Aaron Schlossberg's Racist Rant


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