Monday, September 15, 2014

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 2951: Miss America 2015 - Sincerity, Surprise and Botox (PHOTOS)

Last night Miss Kira Kazantsev, won the 2015 Miss America. It was the third year in a row that the contestant from New York State was awarded the supreme Tiara.

Many people would doubt the sincerity of this moment and thus also Miss Kazantsev's facial expression - Yet they both are very sincere.



Notice her vertically oval-shaped mouth as well as the fact that no teeth are visible. People who make a faked surprise expression will have a mouth opened with a significantly wider horizontal component. In addition the feigned surprise will always have teeth showing. Even all but the best character actors will still make this mistake.

Her eyelids are also opened very widely along with extremely elevated eyebrows - mirroring the configuration of her mouth. Intriguingly, as all women who wear eye make-up know - it is much easier to open eyes widely if their mouth also adopts a similar morphology.

What are some other nonverbal components of sincere surprise? We should see her forehead contract - it is, however it is very minimally. The reason for this is because she has had Botox injections. The lack of normal and expected contraction of the forehead muscles (and thus dynamic furrows) diminishes the appearance of sincerity.

See also:

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 2950: Daniele Watts, "Django Unchained" Actor gets Mistaken for a Prostitute and Handcuffed and Detained for Kissing her Boyfriend

Nonverbal Communication Quiz-Analysis No. 2936: Tony Stewart's addresses Kevin Ward's Death - Sincere vs. Insincere

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 2839: Jonah Hill's Apology on Jimmy Fallon - Sincere or Insincere? 

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 2459:  Was Eliot Spitzer Sincere?  Apology, Sincerity and Body Language 

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 2438:  Sincere Surprise Body Language  Three Year Old Receives Brain Stem Implant and  Hears for the First Time

Nonverbal Communication Quiz-Analysis No. 2902: How Sincere was Ray Rice's Apology?

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 2508: Anne Frank, Sincere Smiles and Emotional Comfort

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Sunday, September 14, 2014

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 2950: Daniele Watts, "Django Unchained" Actor gets Mistaken for a Prostitute and Handcuffed and Detained for Kissing her Boyfriend (VIDEO, PHOTOS)





Django Unchained actress Daniele Watts (who also currently plays Martin Lawrence's daughter on FX's "Partners") was handcuffed and detained yesterday.

In Ms. Watts's own words, "... I was handcuffed and detained by 2 police officers from the Studio City Police Department after refusing to agree that I had done something wrong by showing affection, fully clothed, in a public place.  When the officer arrived, I was standing on the sidewalk by a tree. I was talking to my father on my cell phone. I knew that I had done nothing wrong, that I wasn’t harming anyone, so I walked away.  A few minutes later, I was still talking to my dad when 2 different police officers accosted me and forced me into handcuffs..."

Ms. Watts was then put into the back of police vehicle and detained until her I.D. was check and she was then released. It seems to many that this was a case of racial profiling - e.g. a black woman kissing a white man was assumed to be a prostitute. Indeed this has been spelled out specifically by her boyfriend, Brian James Lucas:

"From the questions that he asked me as D was already on her phone with her dad, I could tell that whoever called on us (including the officers), saw a tatted RAWKer white boy and a hot bootie shorted black girl and thought we were a HO (prostitute) & a TRICK (client)"...."So they handcuffed her and threw her roughly into the back of the cop car until they could figure out who she was. In the process of handcuffing her, they cut her wrist, which was truly NOT COOL!!! Of course, they had to let her go eventually cuz we weren't a threat to anyone."

A partial nonverbal analysis of the above video appears below:



Even though this is a low resolution image, we can clearly see the police officer's central forehead contracted (CFC), an inward lip roll (ILR), his "mustache area" tightened, nostrils flared and his jaw jutting forward. This nonverbal cluster is highly correlative with strong incredulity, as well as anger and arrogance.

The hand-hooked in his belt is a hyper-alpha configuration that very overtly asserts his dominance and also has a significant sexual component to it (later he takes that hand out of his belt and displays a palm-up body language consistent with asking a question).

His leaning on the cement embankment displays a perceived "ownership" of the scene. While this is not surprising here, it is not at all a rapport building configuration and does NOT de-escalate an emotional interaction (Rather it is one of many actions the officer does to escalate this interaction). The officer's crossed-leg/toe-down body language is a way of saying "You're crying, you're upset, but I don't really care."



Less than a second later his inward lip roll increases as his upper head leans forward and his central forehead elevates even further. This is significant for even more disbelief.















About 4 seconds later we see the police officer's mouth make exaggerated movements when he is speaking.

This is highly indicative of a person who is perceives himself to be an alpha and the person(s) to who(m) he is speaking he believes to be a significantly lower beta. This is often seen in the business, political, medical and legal world - as well as in law enforcement. Again, it does not build rapport and escalates the emotions. It's a very loud and clear message that although he may be speaking the "right words", he his thoughts and emotions have a strong self-import and a strong self-agenda.

Although this is only a snippet of this incident, we can say this is very out-of-context for what an officer should display given Ms. Watts's account of what transpired. Police officers have a very difficult and dangerous job. Yet they along with "to protect and to serve", a thorough understanding human emotions and de-escalation should be sought, rather than a default of always asserting dominance.

It is of particular note that Ms. Watts used the term "affection". Confusing affection for otherwise sexual behavior (and obviously there can certainly be an overlap when it comes to kissing) from the point of view of the giver, the receiver - or in this case an observer, is a topic worthy of many books, libraries and even careers. Its misunderstanding and confusion is responsible for many relationship problems - and in this case what many have called police harassment.

See also:

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 2949: Hillary Clinton at Maya Angelou's Tribute - a Body Language Signal of .... 

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 2718: Obama: "I can do whatever I want" Body Language with French President François Hollande

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 2895: "Fifty Shades of Grey" Trailer - If Christian Grey was a real person ..... Body Language Tells

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 2599: Spotting Subtle Signals of Arrogance - Tiger Woods and Rachel Nichols

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 2584: Darnell Barton - Hero with Body Language of De-Escalation

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 2784: Fight Breaks Out in Ukrainian Parliament - One Body Language which Predicts Throwing Fists 

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 2928: Oscar Pistorius, Hugging, Affection and Sincerity 

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Saturday, September 13, 2014

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 2949: Hillary Clinton at Maya Angelou's Tribute - a Body Language Signal of .... (VIDEO, PHOTOS)




During a tribute for Maya Angelou yesterday, Hillary Clinton, Bill Clinton, Michelle Obama, Nikki Giovanni and Oprah Winfrey all spoke. Hillary and Maya Angelou were not just two famous people who knew each other - they were friends.

When it was Mrs. Clinton's turn to speak, on two occasions she displayed a nonverbal which is rarely noted.




At 5:25 the former U.S. Secretary of State says, "... And there was just something about Maya that made everybody think they could relate to her. Even though there wasn't anyone else like her in the World, somehow everyone could see something of themselves in her story ..."





As she says, "... somehow ..." (at 5:37), Hillary configures her hands in fists - and importantly both her upper arm and lower arms are close to her torso (e.g. as opposed to the elbows pointed out and held away from the body). 



Mrs. Clinton continues, "...She knew everyone, lived everywhere, read everything, and felt it all..."

This image was captured at 6:07 just as Mrs. Clinton says "... felt it all ..."







When this closed fist nonverbal illustrator appears along with other congruent body language, it is highly significant for elevated levels of both sincerity and empathy.

See also:

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 2948: Oscar Pistorius and Reeva Steenkamp's father - Same Body Language Simultaneously

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 2896: Hillary Clinton - Vladimir Putin Bears Some Responsibility for the Downing of Malaysia Air Flight MH17

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 2888: Hillary Clinton, Jon Stewart and Destroying Rapport

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 2919: Hillary Clinton and Barack Obama - Friends? - will they Hug it Out?

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 2850: Hillary Clinton, Sonia Sotomayor and Costco - Body Language Tells

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 2855: Hillary Clinton, 2016 Presidential Race and Duping Delight

Nonverbal Communication Analysis # 1923:  Hillary Clinton's Body Language re: Syrian Government -  The Self-Righteous Head Wiggle

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Friday, September 12, 2014

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 2948: Oscar Pistorius and Reeva Steenkamp's father - Same Body Language Simultaneously (PHOTOS)



















Although Oscar Pistorius was found "not guilty" of premeditated murder of Reeva Steenkamp, today Judge Thokozile Masipa delivered a guilty verdict of "culpable homicide" - for what in many countries this is the legal equivalent of manslaughter.

In the image above, Pistorius is rubbing both of his closed eyes with his thumb and fingers as his guilty verdict is read. Below we see Reeva Steenkamp's father, Barry in a very similar configuration - with fingers and thumbs gripping the bridge of the nose while his eyes are closed.

These two nearly identical nonverbals (and indeed a second or two earlier Mr. Steenkamp was very likely covering his eyes just as is Mr. Pistorius) are simultaneous or nearly so. This body language is highly indicative of emotional processing - it's one signal that the emotional mind has not yet caught up to what the logical mind already knows. Be careful that you don't confuse this for rubbing only one eye - lest you mistake it for a completely different meaning.























See also:

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 2947: Governor Rick Perry - Beta Body Language

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 2785: Oscar Pistorius - Another Day of Testimony - Low Confidence Body Language Display

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 2750: Oscar Pistorius, Reeva Steenkamp and Lies

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 2780: Oscar Pistorius, Reeva SteenKamp and Prosecutor Gerrie Nel

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 2814: Ukraine, Pro-Russian Separatists, Bilateral Eyelid Closure and Emotional Processing

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 2905: Paul George's Injury - a Common Body Language Signal of Emotional Processing 

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 2933: Will Hayden ("Sons of Guns") Arrested - Body Language of His Mug Shot 

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Thursday, September 11, 2014

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 2947: Governor Rick Perry - Beta Body Language (PHOTOS)

During a recent business leader's luncheon in Portsmouth, New Hampshire, Texas Governor Rick Perry answered some questions - here one regarding his indictment on two felony charges of abuse of power.

His very thinned and horizontal configured lips along with a clenched jaw, wide opened eyelids and flared nostrils comprise a strong nonverbal cluster indicative of anger. 

His shrug is of course, a universal emblem indicating - either: "I don't know", "I don't care" or "What does it matter?". The interesting thing about this particular shrug is that Governor Perry is primarily a very alpha male, yet this is a very demure and beta shrug. Both upper arms and both forearms are held quite close to his torso - indicating low confidence and very low emotional comfort.


This is a body language configuration that any leader, male or female, should NEVER adopt - particularly a governor or presidential candidate. It projects weakness and anxiety. Given the context and the nature of the question he's answering, it also means Governor Perry's is sincerely worried about the felony charges. Knowing when and how to nuance alpha and beta body language is crucial in projecting strength and building rapport - just as learning to recognizing such nonverbals will allow you to peer into others' hearts and minds.

See also:

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 2946: Barack Obama's 10 September 2014 ISIS Speech - Body Language Tells

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 2945: Roger Goodell's Interview regarding Ray Rice - Denies NFL saw Video before Monday

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 2641: John McCain with Protesters in Kiev, Ukraine - You Feel Safe There?

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 2925: Governor Rick Perry's Mug Shot - What Emotions are Present? - Body Language Tells

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 2583: German Foreign Minister Guido Westerwelle - Is Your Cell Phone Being Tapped?

Nonverbal Communication Analysis # 346:  Rick Perry Forgets:  8 Republican Presidential Hopefuls Debate in Detroit -  60 seconds of Oops, Body Language and Empathy

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 2769: Smiling Out of Context in a Mass Shooter - T.J. Lane's Body Language

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Wednesday, September 10, 2014

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 2946: Barack Obama's 10 September 2014 ISIS Speech - Body Language Tells (VIDEO, PHOTOS)





During Barack Obama's speech tonight addressing ISIS-ISIL-The Islamic State, the President displayed some subtle and very short-lived expressions of disgust. For anyone familiar with this terrorist organization's actions, and in particular given the President's role, such an emotion is very expected and normal for the context.




During the 0:35 mark just after the President says, " ... Now let's make two things clear ....", he displays contempt as manifested by mild bilateral nostril flaring, accentuated nasal labial furrows as well as tightening of the mustache area, a very slight upward vectoring and protrusion of his lips. It's important to note that this is not a fully manifested example of disgust.



While eyelid involvement is not a required component of the disgust nonverbal - their partial closure does act as an amplifier of this emotion.


Once again, during the 0:38 mark, just after the President says, "... ISIL is not Islamic ...", he again displays contempt.

Both of these examples are subtle and evanescent - and thus are particularly difficult to catch in "real-time". How adept are you in spotting moderate or mild nonverbals? For it is such a profound skill that it will give you a dramatic advantage.



What other body language do you see in this video? Did you catch the microexpression of contempt?


See also:

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 2945: Roger Goodell's Interview regarding Ray Rice - Denies NFL saw Video before Monday - Body Language Tells

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 2943: Barack Obama on Meet the Press - Microexpression of ....

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 2939: Barack Obama in Tallinn, Estonia

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 2842: Barack Obama in Normandy regarding Edward Snowden

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 2443:  Kristen Wiig's Disgust & Fear Face -  Graham Norton, Chris O'Dowd and Fly Eating


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Tuesday, September 9, 2014

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 2945: Roger Goodell's Interview regarding Ray Rice - Denies NFL saw Video before Monday - Body Language Tells (VIDEO, PHOTOS)




During his interview regarding Ray Rice's assault on his then fiancée (now wife), Janay Palmer (Rice), NFL commissioner Roger Goodell displayed several significant nonverbal signals indicating insincerity and others, more specifically that he is lying regarding whether someone in the NFL - either he or a subordinate - had seen the (second) newly released tape, where Rice is seen hitting and knocking Ms. Palmer unconscious inside the elevator. What follows is a partial body language analysis.




 During this entire video with Norah O'Donnell, Goodell's forehead was constantly contracted. We of course all contract our foreheads and it is important to recognize there are different varieties of this forehead contraction. Yet it is a strong indicator of insincerity when a person's forehead is constantly contracted. This behavior is akin to a child who places an exclamation mark (or two or three) at the end of every sentence. It is an example of over-compensatory behavior when the spoken word lacks conviction, truth and sincerity.




At 1:17 Goodell displays a subtle "Duping Delight. This is a very minimal and rapid suppressed smile indicating a form of joy/pleasure being experienced (and leaked) in the pulling off of a lie.

This is best seen in the dynamic context of a video. Please watch it several times. This is no way a context for smile.





Goodell's blink rate was very high throughout this interview - and although we don't know his baseline blink frequency his is significantly above normal - which is a very reliable sign of elevated anxiety.

One time in though is particularly of note - at 1:23 Norah O'Donnell asks, "So did anyone in the NFL see the second video tape before Monday?"

"No." answers Goodell.

Ms. O'Donnell then clarifies, "No one in the NFL?"

Goodell answers, "No one in the NFL [stutters] to my knowledge and I've been asked that same question and the answer to that is no."

When he says "... NFL and during the stutter, his eyelids blink very rapidly a flutter. This nonverbal is highly consistent with deception.

When evaluating for truth vs. deception as well as sincerity vs. insincerity - one should always ask if the verbal content, vocal qualities (paralanguage) and nonverbal are all congruent. It they are - then truth and sincerity are present - when any one of these becomes divergent insincerity and/or deception is present. All three of these qualities diverge during this interview. What other body language signals do you see? How many examples of deceptive statement analyses do you hear in this exchange? There are several beauties.

Taken in toto, Mr. Goodell has clear signals that he is not coming clean here. While he may not have seen this second video until Monday - he had prior knowledge of someone who had viewed it at an earlier date.

See also:

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 2944: Derek Jeter Answers Reporter's Cell Phone - Body Language Tells

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 2904: Roger Goodell's Defending the NFL's Punishment for Ray Rice - Bad Crisis Management & Body Language Tells

Nonverbal Communication Quiz-Analysis No. 2902: How Sincere was Ray Rice's Apology?

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 2438:  Sincere Surprise Body Language  Three Year Old Receives Brain Stem Implant and  Hears for the First Time

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 2508: Anne Frank, Sincere Smiles and Emotional Comfort

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 2459:  Was Eliot Spitzer Sincere?  Apology, Sincerity and Body Language

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 2855: Hillary Clinton, 2016 Presidential Race and Duping Delight - Body Language Tells

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Monday, September 8, 2014

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 2944: Derek Jeter Answers Reporter's Cell Phone - Body Language Tells (VIDEO, PHOTOS)




Yesterday was "Derek Jeter Day" at Yankee Stadium and although his team lost 2-0 to the Kansas City Royals, the shortstop and captain gave an emotional speech after the pre-game ceremony honoring him.

During the post-game press conference, some of the reporters left their cell phones on Jeter's table (doubling as audio recorders). One of the phones rang (Tara Sullivan's). Instead of ignoring it or giving it to its owner - he said, "Someone's phone is ringing", then read the caller's name aloud, "Walt Rheinheimer", upon which he answered it saying, "Walt she'll have to call you back buddy." It was pretty hilarious and also provides a few choice body language moments. What follows is a partial nonverbal analysis.




"Walt she'll have to call you back buddy."













Microexpression of fear (Not all fear is "life or death" of course; this was a social level of fear). Jeter is however significantly worried he over-stepped here.












A nose rub (an example of a MAP - Manipulator, Adaptor, Pacifier) in this context is essentially saying, "I can't believe I just did that."











Next Jeter grabs his arms tightly, shrugs his shoulders, foreshortens his neck (e.g. as a turtle going into his shell) and displays an expression of regret on his mouth. 

This nonverbal cluster indicates low emotional confidence.







A unilateral eye rub (another MAP) again nonverbally saying, "I can't believe I committed that faux pas."












Then Jeter pics up the phone a second time to re-examine what he already knows. This is an example of a "MAP surrogate" and is an effort to down-regulate his anxiety.







Thank you Derek Jeter for 20 fantastic years.

See also:

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 2943: Barack Obama on Meet the Press - Microexpression of ....

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 2887 Derek Jeter, Smiles, Laughter and Body Language Nuance

Nonverbal Communication Analysis # 2418:  Startle vs. Surprise  Body Language in the Yankees & Red Sox Dugouts

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 2833: Edward Snowden & Neck of Fear

Nonverbal Communication Analysis # 2338:  Why Does Keit Pentus-Rosimannus feel Fear?  Body Language of Estonia's Minister of Environment

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 2581: Syria, Ambassador Robert Ford and a Body Language of Deception


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Sunday, September 7, 2014

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 2943: Barack Obama on Meet the Press - Microexpression of .... (VIDEO, PHOTO)





Barack Obama appeared on Meet the Press earlier today. During this interview with Chuck Todd the President spoke about several issues including his decision to delay his executive actions regarding immigration reform, ISIS/ISIL and the current Ebola epidemic in West Africa.

In the above video excerpt, just after Mr. Todd says, "It's going to be a U.S. led effort, isn't it?" - The President answers, "... As Usual ..." (at 1:51) as he also displays a very subtle microexpression of contempt. On a scale of one to ten, this was only about a one. Do you see it? How often do you miss such microexpressions every day?

See also:

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 2942: Vladimir Putin's & Recognizing Duplicity in Body Language

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 2559: John Boehner's Body Language - Microexpression of Contempt vs. Facial Tic 

Nonverbal Communication Analysis # 2050:  George Zimmerman's Interview on Fox -  Microexpression of Contempt and Duping Delight

Nonverbal Communication Analysis # 2228:  Jay Carney's Body Language - Contempt disguised as a Sniff ....  for Republicans' Solutions to the Fiscal Cliff

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 2586: Harrison Ford in "Ender's Game" - Microexpression and Macroexpression of Regret - Harrison's Brand and the Stanislavski Method

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 2924: Michael Brown, Captain Ron Johnson, Church Rally and Ferguson, Missouri - Body Language Tells

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 2933: Will Hayden ("Sons of Guns") Arrested - Body Language of His Mug Shot


















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Saturday, September 6, 2014

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 2942: Vladimir Putin's & Recognizing Duplicity in Body Language (PHOTO)



















Vladimir Putin is shown here waving to the crowd during a recent trip to Ulan Bator (Улаанбаатар or Ulaanbaatar), Mongolia. Given what is transpiring in Ukraine, his timing was interesting - for his trip was largely ceremonial  where he laid a wreath at the grave of Georgy Zhukov (Гео́ргий Жу́ков) a legendary Soviet War hero.

As with all politicians, here the Russian President is attempting to project outwardly one emotion – while he is really feeling another one. In the real world this happens many times a day - politics or otherwise. In addition, it is also possible that two different emotions are being sincerely experienced simultaneously or nearly so (emotional dissonance). Sussing out the difference and – in the case of the second scenario – discerning which emotion is more dominant - is crucial beyond words.

Vladimir's primary emotion here is disgust. We cannot say what exactly about which he is disgusted - for that we need more context - yet disgust is the bulk of his emotional tone in this moment. His mouth expression indicates an attempt at a social smile - with a very low sincerity quotient. What do you think was Mr. Putin's dominant emotion two or three seconds earlier? What signs here lead you to this conclusion?

See also:

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 2941: Barack Obama at NATO Summit - Split Finger Fastball & the Dominant Spider

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 2937: Vladimir Putin - “If I want to, I can take Kiev in two weeks” and Critical Evaluation

Nonverbal Communication Analysis # 1889:  Vladimir Putin & Barack Obama at the G-20

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 2511:  Barack Obama & Vladimir Putin  Handshake at 2013 G20 Meeting

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 2939: Barack Obama in Tallinn, Estonia - Body Language Tells

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