Saturday, February 13, 2016

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 3467: Supreme Court Justice Antonin Scalia Dies - Body Language (VIDEO, PHOTO)

Associate Supreme Court Judge Antonin Scalia died last night in his sleep, apparently of natural causes.

Judge Scalia was not one to suffer fools. And it's an understatement to say he was very animated. 

The image included here shows Supreme Court Justice Scalia in a classic (though certainly not full) expression of anger.

The position of his eyebrows are lowered - but not extremely so. They are also not drawn together. Had they also been pulled together (and further lowered, particularly in the center [medially]), this would have further amplified his angry expression.

His eyelids are also tense. This is especially evident in his lower eyelids. His eyelids are also partially closed (consistent with mild to moderate anger).

His head is not fully turned toward the person of his attention. We tend not to turn fully toward those we don't like, don't respect or don't believe.

In this moment, Judge Scalia's mid-face has a considerable degree of muscle tension. This is very well seen in his "mustache area" as well as his with the flaring of his nostrils.

A strong hallmark of anger are thinned lips. At first glance, his lips in this photo may appear to some as an inward lip roll - but it's not. Because his jaw is clenched and thus his teeth are strongly together, his lips cannot roll completely inward - and his jaw clenching is a very strong signal of anger. This clenching is further evidenced by the dramatic dimpling of his chin. Moreover his jaw is thrust forward (aka a "Jaw Jut") although this is a bit more difficult to visualize given the angle of this image.

My condolences to Judge Scalia's family. Thank you sir for your service to your country. May you rest in peace.

See also:

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 3465: Hillary Clinton's Dominant Spider

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 3445: Harrison Ford Re-enacts 'I Love You' Scene from Star Wars - The Graham Norton Show 

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 3363: Chris Christie's Viral Video - Why do even Democrats love it? 

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 3228: Barack Obama in Rose Garden - The President regarding Supreme Court Decision on Marriage Equality 

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 3299: Kim Davis, Contempt-of-Court, Same-Sex Marriages and Body Language  

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 2773: Chief Justice John Roberts, Election Donations and Suppressed Smiles

Negotiation Nonverbal Communication Secret No. 1060: Belichick's Anger

Nonverbal Communication No. 3110: Scarlett Johansson gets invaded by John Travolta - An Awkward Moment from the 2015 Oscars 


Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 3465: Hillary Clinton's Dominant Spider - Body Language (VIDEO, PHOTOS)

The video above includes Hillary Clinton's closing remarks from the most recent Democratic Presidential Debate in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. Because her opponent, Senator Bernie Sanders, uses palm-down gestures with high frequency, Secretary Clinton has been coached to also use them more often (as well as those with palms-forward and closed-fists).

This image was captured from 1:04 from the video.

The particular palm-down illustrator shown here is called a "Dominant Spider".

Illustrators are nonverbal signals (which may or may not be involve the hands or arms) that illustrate, emphasize and metaphorically underline simultaneous (or nearly so) verbal and paralanguage communications. Palm down illustrators are, the vast majority of times, assertive and dominant and very often these even project hyper-dominant thought-emotions. As with most alpha body language - those who use them tend to over-use them. Thus what in small doses projects strong leadership and power - when used even slightly more frequently - will backfire and project arrogant and hyper-dominant motives. Many in the audience (even an audience of one) will feel patronized and condescension.

In a political environment, prior to the conventions, hyper-alpha nonverbals are used more considerably frequently. After the major political parties have chosen their representatives, candidates are then vying for the electorate in the center of the political spectrum. Therefore most of the time nonverbal signals become less aggressive and have more qualities which engender rapport in the four or five months prior to the election. Like many things existing in the real world, this is simple in concept. Most of the time, candidates default to their prior selves and will alienate a substantial percentage of those voters' allegiance they otherwise would have won.

It's important to keep note, this is a closing statement of a debate - and during such times, there is a slightly greater tolerance for nonverbal and other hyperbolic behavior. With this in mind, Mrs. Clinton still used alpha nonverbals a bit too much in both magnitude and frequency in these moments. And during most any other time these nonverbals would have been considerably more excessive.

See also:

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 3464: Of Katie Holmes, Super Bowls, Smiles and Anxiety

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 3460: Eli Manning Reacts to Bronco's Super Bowl Touchdown

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 3456: Martin Shkreli Pleads the Fifth before Congress

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 3454: Donald Trump - Buying the Farm after 2nd Place Finish in Iowa Caucuses 

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 3424: Donald Trump, "Hillary Clinton created ISIS with Obama"

Romance, Marriage and Dating - Body Language Secret No. 609: Going from High Heels to Flats and then back to Heels 

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 3264: Hillary Clinton, Likability, Perceived Trustworthiness and Body Language

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 3258: Hillary Clinton speaks out on "inaccuracies" of private email controversy


Friday, February 12, 2016

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 3464: Of Katie Holmes, Super Bowls, Smiles and Anxiety - Body Language (VIDEO, PHOTOS)

Katie Holmes was recently a guest on The Tonight Show starring Jimmy Fallon. Although Ms. Holmes is a skilled actress, when she's "just being Katie" and not "in character", she's no better than average at suppressing her anxiety. A particular body language example of this behavior is examined below.

Beginning at 0:09, their dialog continues ...

Fallon: ... But did you watch the Super Bowl?

Holmes: This year, um, no, [nervous laugh] I, I di -, I was doing a cooking class with my - ch, child.

Fallon: How lame!

Holmes: I know!

Fallon: Get out!

Holmes: I know!

Fallon, Come on!

Holmes: No, no! Then we went, then we went to the museum - and then I s-, I like, right before the halftime show, I was like [knocks 5 times on Jimmy's desk] to my friend's apartment, I'm like, lemmie in, lemmie in, lemmie! - 'cause I knew Beyoncé was about to come up...."

From 0:14 through 0:21, Katie twists her ring on her right ring finger while also sliding it partially up and down.

Note that although Katie is an accomplished actor - her smile is a false one. We discern this because of her prominent display of her lower teeth.

Her fake smile is a conscious, forced behavior - while her manipulation of her ring occurs at a subconscious level. It's important to note that this does NOT indicate Katie Holmes overall personality is insincere  - however in this particular moment, her smile is indeed forced and thus insincere.

Whenever a consciously initiated nonverbal signal (e.g., a false smile) is seen simultaneously with a subconsciously driven one (e.g., the twisting and sliding of her ring) - always look to the unconscious body language in order to tell the true thought-emotions

See also:

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 3463: Marco Rubio, Robotic Behavior and Insincerity

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 3324: Barack Obama and Vladimir Putin Shake Hands at UN Luncheon

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 1916: Katie Holmes & Tom Cruise are getting a Divorce - What Body Language Metric could have Predicted this Back When They Were Dating?

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 2191: Anne Hathaway's Impersonation of Katie Holmes on SNL - "Norming" Katie and Variations on a Theme 

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 3401: Jeb Bush and Anxiety

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 3376: Liam Hemsworth, The Hunger Games and "Honest Anxiety" 

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 3273: Marco Rubio, The Republican Debate, Monotonous Body Language and Anxiety 

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 3053: Giada De Laurentiis, Insincere Smiles and Divorce 


Thursday, February 11, 2016

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 3463: Marco Rubio, Robotic Behavior and Insincerity - Body Language (VIDEO, PHOTOS)

Marco Rubio suffered a fifth place finish in the New Hampshire Primary on Tuesday (Behind Trump, who won - Kasich in second, followed by Cruz and then Bush). After finishing third in the Iowa Caucuses last week - the highest of the so-called establishment republican candidates, many felt he had a chance to perhaps win or place a strong second in the Granite State. However during the debate in Manchester on Saturday, Senator Rubio repeated himself multiple times and Governor Chris Christie promptly called him out on this overly-scripted behavior.  Some who oppose his candidacy have even protested at his events dressed as robots as a visual metaphor for this automaton-like behavior.

Two days later (this time in Nashua) Senator Rubio again became robotic. A short excerpt of his repetition is included in the video above (the full speech is shown below).

Any person who is in general, a sincere individual, can have moments where he/she is insincere. And certainly those whose overall personality are insincere do indeed have moments of sincerity.

One verbal tell of insincere behavior is the over-use of clichés. Clichés morph and change with the years. These verbal clichés may be more typical such and multi-worded such "All is fair in love and war" or they may be but a single word such as the extremely over-used, "Actually". Most clichés are contagions from those around us - via our local or regional culture, yet it is also a form of a cliché to repeat a word or phrase unique (or nearly so) to oneself. It's this variation of what Rubio was guilty.

When verbal clichés are spoken, the human brain essentially is using the biological equivalent of a computer sub-routine - a routine behavior/response which is compartmentalized and allows a lesser degree of computer processing power. When instead it's the human brain - the analog is less thinking. Less thinking - more knee-jerk behavior. Less thinking - less sincerity.

Thus when verbal clichés are used - there is less sincerity being felt in that moment. And therefore it makes sense that we would then expect to see signals of such insincerity displayed nonverbally as well - and that's exactly what occurs. Senator Rubio gives us a great example of this nonverbal insincerity coupled with his verbal insincerity (his repetition-clichés).

During 0:21 - 0:24 in the video above (and 7:51 - 7:54 in the complete speech below), note that Rubio touches his chest with his hand. But take a moment to slice this moment a bit thinner.

Rubio is right handed - yet he used his left hand. When a person gestures, illustrates or uses a MAP (manipulator, adaptor, pacifier) - but uses just one hand, those actions performed with the dominant hand are more sincere, while those with the non-dominant hand are significantly less sincere.

The Senator touched over his right chest - when the heart is located in the center-left (anatomy not political party). People know this intuitively. Even those who are holding and infant for the very first time in their life, will naturally place a baby's head over their left chest - regardless of their own hand-dominance.

Marco tapped his left chest at first - rather than placing his hand down. Touching once for a second or two without a tapping/patting is a higher level of sincerity - while patting connotes less sincerity and lower emotional comfort. Remember this while you in the midst of a hug with your spouse/girlfriend/boyfriend.

When Rubio did eventually touch without tapping, he touched with just his fingers and his thumb - with his palm elevated off of his chest. A full palmar touch is indicative of a much higher degree of sincerity vs. just fingers/thumb or finger tips.

Thus just with this "single gesture" there are four "sub-gestures" of insincerity. Again, Marco Rubio may very well be a sincere person on the whole, but in this moment he wasn't feeling it - he was insincere - and this is exactly what many people have been saying regarding his repetitive phrases. This is also the specific reason many have attributed to his poor showing in New Hampshire.

If Rubio (or anyone) was more self-aware of and nuanced with his body language - this increased nonverbal skill would have prevented him from falling into this verbal looping of insincerity ... and primary-losing behavior.

See also:

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 3462: Donald Trump calls Ted Cruz a "Pussy"

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 3315: Carly Fiorina, John Kasich and the Ten Dollar Bill - Republican Debate

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 3362: Marco Rubio and Alleged Misuse of State Party Credit Card 

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 3453: Marco Rubio's Hyper-Alpha, Backfiring Body Language

Nonverbal Communication Quiz-Analysis No. 2902: How Sincere was Ray Rice's Apology?

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 3460: Eli Manning Reacts to Bronco's Super Bowl Touchdown

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 3394: People react to being called beautiful - Body Language of a Sincere Smile

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 3308: Hillary Clinton's Apology - Certainly Late, Yet Was It Sincere?

Rubio's Entire speech:


Wednesday, February 10, 2016

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 3462: Donald Trump calls Ted Cruz a "Pussy" - Body Language (VIDEO, PHOTO)

On Monday night, after mentioning that Sen. Ted Cruz had hesitated regarding a question on the use of waterboarding for prisoners of war,  GOP presidential candidate Donald Trump called Ted Cruz a “pussy”.

Trump used this highly derogatory and misogynist term while echoing a supporter who shouted the slang during a rally the night before the New Hampshire Primary. He immediately stopped his speech, pointed [index finger, palm down] toward the woman and said,

"She just said a terrible thing. You know what she said? Shout it out, because I don’t want to s- [woman in the audience again, yells 'Pussy!', Donald Trump laughs]... Okay. You're not allowed to say - I never expect to hear that from you again. She said - I never expect to hear that from you again! - That he's a pussy. That's terrible. Terrible!" 

He then turns away, rotating his whole body to his right, walks a few steps away from lectern, throw his hands up, displays a duplicitous smile and then walks back to lectern. Shaking his head with another duplicitous smile.

While almost everyone can see Trumps behavior is performed in a completely false and mocking disapproval, from a body language teaching point of view, the moment is worth dissecting - for at most other times, with Trump or with anyone else, this behavior is not so obvious.


At the moment he understands what the woman shouted, Trump displays a very subtle, suppressed sincere smile. This smiling out of context behavior can be thought of as a form of "Duping Delight".

Please watch the video to fully appreciate this subtle nonverbal signal. 


We see Mr. Trump display a classic form of a duplicitous smile. Note that the left corner of his mouth is "smiling" - up-turned (still suppressed though) while its left side is down-turned.


After turning away from the lectern, then returning, we see another example of Trump smiling out of the left side of his mouth while his right side is frowning.

Trump is trying to suppress his glee, yet he cannot. This is another variation on the phenomenon of Duping Delight.

See also:

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 3461: Cam Newton Walks Out of Super Bowl 50 Post Game Press Conference

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 3454: Donald Trump - Buying the Farm after 2nd Place Finish in Iowa Caucuses

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 3459: Miscues on the Introductions to New Hampshire Republican Debate 

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 1705: François Hollande & the French Presidential Election The Pistol Steeple and Emotional Dissonance 

Negotiation Secret No. 140: Duping Delight Microexpression

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 2855: Hillary Clinton, 2016 Presidential Race and Duping Delight

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 2701: Cuddling, Romance, Affection and Foot-Shunning

Negotiation Nonverbal Communication No. Analysis 1492: Ben Bernanke's Duping Delight & Partial Emblematic Slip


Tuesday, February 9, 2016

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 3461: Cam Newton Walks Out of Super Bowl 50 Post Game Press Conference - Body Language (VIDEO, PHOTOS)

Note: The original video has, since the original post, been removed from its online source. The images below however, were captured from this video.  The video above is a different video of the same event with poorer quality sound and from a different angle.

Cam Newton has received a lot of criticism regarding the way he handled the Super Bowl 50 post game press conferences. The purpose of this article is not to criticize or explain this act further (yes, many are holding Newton to different standards than others and yes, the room was crowded and he could hear members of Denver's defense speaking), but to evaluate some of the key moments of this video from a nonverbal perspective. What follows is a partial analysis.


Partially closed upper lids

Head tilted down

Subtle mid-face contempt (his right side)

The head tilt and the partially closed upper eyelids both as contempt amplifiers.


Contempt is blatant


Clenched Jaw

Tight Forward lip purse

Lower lid tension

These comprise a nonverbal cluster highly indicative of Anger


Primary emotion in this second is Bitter Regret (note vectoring of mouth corners laterally) with dimpling

There is a lesser component of anger in this moment (thinning of lips)


Jaw Confessional

Quick Lateral Movement of Jaw

Just prior to Cam Newton saying, "I mean, we had our opportunities ..."

Highly indicative of embarrassment-anxiety as well as indicates honesty-sincerity.


Tongue Jut

Just before Newton says, "It wasn't nothing special that I did. We dropped balls, we turned the ball over ..."

The tongue jut indicates, "I've been bad" or "I messed up"


Regret after he says, "Threw errant passes"


Regret and Contempt

Just prior to the Quarterback walks out of the press conference

There's one other component to Cam Newton's body language which is profoundly important to take into account. Although the wearing of a hooded sweat shirt or "hoodie" has, particularly the last 2-3 years, been assigned by some people to speak with racial overtones, that is not now, has never and will never be the case here. Without a doubt in this context, Newton's wearing of his hood during this appearance speaks volumes about his reluctance to talk and not wanting to be there. Outside of certain ethnic, religious and cultural settings (which are never to be ignored), the covering of one's face (whether conscious or subconscious with hands or with some surrogate) has very real nonverbal meanings. In this scenario, Newton's hoodie acts as an extension of his body and to some degree a mask. If, prior to his speaking at this conference, he had considered it - and then decided to not wear his hood, he would have spoke with more openness, fluidity, with less anger or contempt and certainly would have built more rapport.

This press conference was horrendous PR for the Carolina Panthers and appalling PR for Cam Newton. Indeed it's a symptom of poor crisis management. Having superior nonverbal skills is just one component of handling yourself in such a scenario - yet it's extremely an important one. Body language management is nearly always handled via a "wing-it" or "learn as you go" approach - which are mammoth psychological mistakes and awful strategies. 

Those who use nonverbal skills deftly, can (among other things) use it as a form of biofeedback and use it as a tool to help control their mood. This is not only very helpful for those with impulse control disorders, depression, etc. - but for everyone, even those who otherwise have good emotional intelligence and social skills.

Manage your brand. Control the room.

See also:

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 3460: Eli Manning Reacts to Bronco's Superbowl Touchdown

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 3457: Chelsea Clinton refers to Bernie Sanders as "President Sanders" 

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 3453: Marco Rubio's Hyper-Alpha, Backfiring Body Language 

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 3443: Donald Trump - "I could stand in the middle of Fifth Avenue and Shoot somebody and I wouldn't lose any Voters!" 

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 3438: Hillary Clinton, What's Your Relationship with Vladimir Putin? - Democratic Debates 

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 3428: Jenna Dewan Tatum performs Ginuwine's "Pony" - Lip Sync Battle 

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 3410: Bernie Sanders Apologizes to Hillary Clinton for Data Breach at Democratic Debate - Body Language Faux Pas

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 3420: Bill Cosby's Mug Shot


Monday, February 8, 2016

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 3460: Eli Manning Reacts to Bronco's Super Bowl Touchdown - Body Language (VIDEO, PHOTOS)

The Vine video shown above has gone viral - and it's no wonder. Eli Manning is shown here the moment as C.J. Anderson scores a touchdown with just over three minutes to go in the forth quarter - all but guaranteeing the Denver Broncos a Super Bowl 50 victory. It would also give his brother Peyton Manning a second Super Bowl ring.

The caption on the video reads, "Eli Manning is SO EXCITED for his brother, Peyton." However in its sarcasm, this description dramatically misses the mark - for "Non-excitement" is definitely not what Eli Manning is feeling.

Although not fully manifested, this is a classic expression of fear.

Eli's Eyelids (particularly on his right) is opened wider than baseline. Note also the unmistakable expression of the "Mouth of Fear" as the corners of Manning's mouth are pulled back and down.

This is a classic "Thousand Yard Stare" of a person in emotional shock - who's processing negative information quicker than his emotional brain can handle.

Here Eli is displaying subtle-to-mild level of contempt. This is more easily seen when viewed in the context of the video looping.

It's very likely however that his contempt is not directed at his bother as it has been suggested.

Eli Manning has a high sincerity quotient. Moreover he also has high empathy displayed in the many hours of video available for anyone to watch. So what is behind this moment? Many have made this into a sibling rivalry issue - and perhaps it is. Yet Eli's fear, sudden shock and contempt - may have an explanation in the expression of a man who has just lost a lot of money (e.g., self-contempt). The suddenness of this display and out-of-character nature of these emotions are particularly striking.

See also:

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 3459: Miscues on the Introductions to New Hampshire Republican Debate

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 2988: How did John Elway feel about Peyton Manning's Touchdown Record?

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 2690: Peyton Manning Explains the Meaning of "Omaha" Call  

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 3078: Tom Brady, Deflategate, Deception and Body Language 

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 3224: Jordan Spieth, the U.S. Open, and a Classic Fear Expression

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 3399: Donald Trump, a Bald Eagle and Body Language 

Nonverbal Communication Secret No. 1752: Wearing Red and Sexual Attraction - What are You Marketing?

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 3077: Caroline Wozniacki & Rory McIlroy - One Reason Why Relationships Fail - and an Important Warning Sign


Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 3459: Miscues on the Introductions to New Hampshire Republican Debate - Body Language (VIDEO, PHOTOS)

As with all debates, there were literally thousands, if not tens of thousands of body language moments during Saturday night's Republican debate in Manchester - just three days before the 2016 Primary in New Hampshire.

Below are but four body language moments which occurred during the introduction. Apparently the applause was so loud, that several of the candidates didn't hear their names being called. Ben Carson was the first to make this mistake.

While waiting, Ben Carson made the profound mistake of standing in a configuration that no Presidential Candidate should ever do during a debate (or indeed anywhere with the rare exception of a religious ceremony, meeting a major religious figure, a wedding, a funeral, while at The Tomb of the Unknown Soldier, etc.).

As seen in this image, while waiting for his name to be called (and it already had been) - Dr. Carson is standing with his feet together while his hands are held in a fig-leaf variation. This stance carries with it an extremely beta emotional tone. Not only will this send signals of acquiescence to his opponents, but it also will down-regulate the all the alpha qualities of confidence, strength, assertiveness, etc., which are needed during a such a high level political debate (or any debate). It's impossible to believe any debate coach or body language expert ever recommended this behavior to the brain surgeon. The damage done by this nonverbal faux pas cannot be over-emphasized. There's simply no way a person who stands in this manner will ever win a high-level debate.

When Jeb Bush passes by Donald Trump, Bush of course, touches Trump's upper arm. Most of the candidates committed this or a very similar intimate space invasion - which in almost any other setting should be strongly discouraged - yet here it serves to help disturb their opponents and displace them from their emotional "game face" baseline.

Here the former Florida Governor displays a classic, Social Fear Face - which is nonverbally shouting, "I'm glad you guys screwed up and not me."

It's important to note that those who display this expression for others (even here, Bush for his own opponents) have higher empathy quotients.

After Bush passes him, Trump displays a classic contempt display with a component of regret.

See also:

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 3458: Marco Rubio and Donald Trump Shake Hands at Debate

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 3449: Natalie Portman's Hands 

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 2322: Jeb Bush & Matt Lauer - Which one is the Narcissist? Body Language Red Flags

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 3434: Donald Trump and the Verbal vs. Nonverbal Disparity

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 3274: Chris Christie, Rand Paul, The Republican Debate and National Security

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 3253: John Kasich Formally Announces His Candidacy for President

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 3446: Peyton Manning, Tom Brady and Body Language

Dating & Romance Nonverbal Communication Secret No. 1010: Rashida Jones - What Makes the Twinkle in Her Eye?


Saturday, February 6, 2016

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 3458: Marco Rubio and Donald Trump Shake Hands at Debate - Body Language (PHOTOS)

The above image of Marco Rubio and Donald Trump shaking hands was captured during the recent Republican debate in North Charleston, South Carolina. The photo below was taken a fraction of a second earlier. Tonight the two republicans (along with Cruz, Bush, Kasich, Christie and Carson) are on a similar stage in New Hampshire - just three days prior to the 2016 Presidential primary there.

Politicians virtually always try to "out-alpha" each other when shaking hands. Note the Senator's right hand is on top of Trump's. Because Trump didn't fully turn toward Rubio - Trump's body configuration puts him at a natural disadvantage - allowing the other person's hand to be on top (the alpha position during a dominant handshake) as well as a weakened grip strength. This disadvantage is further amplified by Trump's near 90 degree twisting of his own right wrist - and is very beta.

Rubio also displays another very high-alpha handshake maneuver - by gripping Trump's right arm, just above his elbow with his left hand. Politicians perform this as a counter-move to dominate and subtly intimidate their opponents (Candidates often make the mistake of doing the same thing with those they meet on the campaign trail. In such a setting, they are committing a major faux pas of false intimacy by invading another person's intimate space. Corporate executives and other "leaders" often use the same nonverbals with their subordinates - and thus loose major rapport points by touching another person out-of-context. In each example, the "leaders" are completely unaware of their off-putting body language). It's very possible that in this particular example, Sen. Rubio is deliberately performing this left arm, elbow-gripping in an effort to prevent Mr. Trump from pulling his hand/arm (toward Trump's chest) - a hyper-dominant, intimidation handshake variation that this businessman has a history of doing

The primary motion expressed on Rubio's face is that of partially-suppressed disgust.

Trump, of course, then performs the expected counter-maneuver of placing part of his left hand on top of Rubio's right hand in and effort to increase his alpha tone in this moment. Yet Donald makes a mistake here too, by only using the distal ends of his fingers - rather than placing his whole hand on top of Rubio's. Then he could have further sandwiched Marco's hand between his - and turned up his alpha even more by grabbing Rubio's right wrist. By touching with only his fingers - Trump lost an opportunity and comes off as demure.

This of course, is a not a normal or common situation for shaking hands - as the vast majority of the time a greeting should be sincere. This handshake however, is heavy with insincerity.

See also:

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 3457: Chelsea Clinton refers to Bernie Sanders as "President Sanders"

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 3210: Matteo Renzi, Christine Lagarde, Barack Obama and Up-Regulating Alpha Emotions 

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 3227: Bobby Jindal's, "... I am tanned ..." remark - What does his Body Language tell us?

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 3330: Vladimir Putin on 60 Minutes

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 3363: Chris Christie's Viral Video - Why do even Democrats love it?

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 3267: Jeb Bush, Emotional Dissonance and Body Language 

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 2829: Respect, Funerals, Memorials and Alpha vs. Beta

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 2896: Hillary Clinton - Vladimir Putin Bears Some Responsibility for the Downing of Malaysia Air Flight MH17


Friday, February 5, 2016

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 3457: Chelsea Clinton refers to Bernie Sanders as "President Sanders" - Body Language (VIDEO, PHOTOS)

Whom among us hasn't misspoke before - even with regard to very important issues? Most of us however, are not running for President or speaking directly on their behalf - particularly in such a public forum.

In the above video, while campaigning for Hillary Clinton, Chelsea Clinton mistakenly refers to Senator Sanders as "President Sanders". And while republicans or those supporting Bernie Sanders, may find her mistake humorous - in the context of this blog, the video of this recent incident is included as a real-world teaching example of body language.

Beginning at 0:04, Chelsea says, "... We also need to strip away the immunity that President Sanders  - [inaudible] - excuse me, that Senator Sanders, I hope not President Sanders [crowd laughing and jeering ], that Senator Sanders, that Senator Sanders voted for ..."

0:10 as she says, "... President Sanders ...", Chelsea's eyelids open in a "White and Wide" configuration - a  classic example of a nonverbal manifestation of fear.

A fraction of a second earlier (earlier during 0:10 as she said, "... I hope not ..."), we see Chelsea's eyebrows drawn downward and together along with a contraction and lowering of the central forehead muscles in a classic expression of critical evaluation.

Ms. Clinton's squirming/re-adjusting/sitting-up in her chair is a very telling body language signal - and not surprisingly, indicative of anxiety.

See also:

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 3456: Martin Shkreli Pleads the Fifth before Congress

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 3454: Donald Trump - Buying the Farm after 2nd Place Finish in Iowa Caucuses

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 3453: Marco Rubio's Hyper-Alpha, Backfiring Body Language

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 3021: Barack Obama's Executive Action on Immigration - What the President's Body Language Said Before He Even Spoke

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 3442: Jennifer Lawrence Scolds Journalist at Golden Globes

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 3255: Donald Trump and a Body Language Signal of Social Fear and Hesitancy 

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 2274: The Eyes & Mouth of Fear - Body Language of Ahmed Dogan during Attempted Assassination

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 1106: Subtle Fear Display of al-Assad

Nonverbal Communication Analysis No. 3446: Peyton Manning, Tom Brady and Body Language